Forest Justice in Tanzania

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Improving governance in Tanzania’s forestry sector

What is Forest Justice in Tanzania aiming to achieve?

Forest Justice in Tanzania will promote good governance and improved accountability in the forestry sector in Tanzania.

The initiative is a partnership between the Community Forest Conservation Network of Tanzania, known as MJUMITA and the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group.

The project is funded through the Accountability in Tanzania (AcT) programme and will operate from 2011 – 2013.


Project’s Specific Objectives

  • Governance within the forestry sector is improved.
  • Tanzanian citizens benefit from forest ecosystem services.

  • Immediate outcomes

  • Effective and sustained citizen demand for improved forest management and governance.
  • Government leaders at all levels support effective forest management.
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    How will Forest Justice in Tanzania achieve its objectives?

    The project will work through four inter-related strategies.

    Strategy 1: Monitoring forest governance and forest condition.

    The project will monitor forest governance and forest condition with a view to demonstrating the issues that contribute to the loss of Tanzania’s forest values and to provide a benchmark for improvement in forest governance.

    Activities under this strategy will include:

  • Development and implementation of a governance tracking tool at community and local government level;
  • Capacity building to communities to improve forest governance.
  • Monitoring forest condition.

  • Strategy 2: Enforcement promotion

    This strategy aims to encourage Central and Local Government to become more proactive in addressing forest crimes as well as building the capacity of community members to take action against governance shortfalls within the forest sector.

    Activities under this strategy will include:

  • Identifying and tracking forest governance issues through the establishment of a phone hotline to receive community reports on forest crimes and through the strengthening of MJUMITA networks;
  • Following up on forest crimes with the relevant authorities;
  • Providing direct support to communities to tackle forest governance issues.

  • Strategy 3: Research, analysis and communication.

    The project will carry out research and analysis in order to determine where the obstacles lie to achieving improved forest management and forest governance.

    Activities under this strategy will include:

  • Research on key issues in relation to forest governance;
  • Communication through media, printed materials and meetings on forest governance issues;

  • Strategy 4: Agreeing standards.

    The project will work to promote best practices within the forestry sector. This will include promoting the National REDD standards and the National Forest Stewardship Council standards.

    Activities under this strategy will include:

  • Reviewing best practices in the forestry sector particularly in relation to REDD and timber harvesting;
  • Encouraging private sector to adopt best practices in relation to REDD and timber harvesting;
  • Promoting the supply of FSC standard timber from communities.
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    Where will the project operate?

    Whilst some aspects of the project will operate at a national level, field-level activities in relation to governance monitoring and enforcement promotion will take place in the six zones that apply to MJUMITA networks:

    Eastern Zone - Morogoro, Pwani, and Dar es Salaam Regions

    Northern Zone - Tanga, Kilimanjaro and Arusha Regions

    Southern Zone - Lindi, Mtwara and Ruvuma Regions

    Southern Highlands Zone - Iringa Region

    Central Zone - Manyara, Dodoma, and Singida Regions

    Western Zone - Kigoma Region

    During 2011, the focus will be on the Eastern, Northern and Southern zones, expanding to other zones in 2012 and 2013.


    Project beneficiaries

    The project aims to benefit rural communities across Tanzania, particularly those practicing community based forest management. The most direct impact of the Forest Justice initiative in Tanzania will be on the populations of the 450 villages where MJUMITA is currently active.


    Is enough being invested in forestry in Tanzania?

    Insufficient government investment in forest management is frequently cited as a reason for forest loss in Tanzania. The Forest Justice in Tanzania project aims to bring this issue into the public spotlight and to advocate for more efficient and effective investment by the Government in the management of the forests entrusted to its care. Details on current and historic government budgets in the forestry sector have been collated and can be downloaded below.

    URT 2007. Subvote 3001. Forestry and Beekeeping Division. Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Volume II. Estimates of Public Expenditure. Consolidated Fund Services (Section 1). Supply Votes (Ministerial). 2007 - 2008.

    URT 2008. Subvote 3001. Forestry and Beekeeping Division. Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Volume II. Estimates of Public Expenditure. Consolidated Fund Services (Section 1). Supply Votes (Ministerial). 2008 - 2009.

    URT 2009. Subvote 3001. Forestry and Beekeeping Division. Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Volume II. Estimates of Public Expenditure. Consolidated Fund Services (Section 1). Supply Votes (Ministerial). 2009 - 2010.

    URT 2011. Subvote 3001. Forestry and Beekeeping Division. Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Volume II. Estimates of Public Expenditure. Consolidated Fund Services (Section 1). Supply Votes (Ministerial). 2011 - 2012.


    Publications and Reports

    MJUMITA and TFCG. 2014. Policy Brief: Monitoring village forest governance with the MJUMITA dashboard tool. 4 pp

    Aklei, A. and E. Monga 2014. Are district officials playing their part in providing forest justice in Tanzania? A report on a survey of forest governance at District level. Forest Justice in Tanzania Technical Report.

    Albert, A. 2014. Monitoring changes in forest governance at village level in Tanzania between 2011 and 2013. MJUMITA and TFCG pp. 1-60. pdf 967 kb

    Gwegime, J., J. Latham, M. Mwangoka, E. Mulungu, J. Kitenana, R.Mwakisoma, R.E. Gereau and N. Doggart (2014). The biodiversity and forest condition of Chome Nature Reserve. TFCG Technical Paper 42. TFCG, DSM, Tz. 1-77 pp. 6 MB

    Gwegime, J., M. Mwangoka, E. Mulungu, J. Latham, R.E. Gereau and N. Doggart (2014). The biodiversity and forest condition of Mamiwa-Kisara North Forest Reserve. TFCG Technical Paper 41. TFCG, DSM, Tz. 1-86 pp. 2.5 MB

    Gwegime, J., M. Mwangoka, E. Mulungu, H. Said, J. E. Latham, R. E. Gereau and N. Doggart, (2014). Two surveys of the biodiversity and forest condition of Rondo Proposed Nature Reserve in 2012 and 2013. TFCG Technical Paper 39. TFCG. DSM, Tz. 1-77. 4 MB

    Gwegime, J., Mwangoka, M., Mulungu, E., Perkin A. and K. Nowak (2013). The biodiversity and forest condition of Ruvu South Forest Reserve. TFCG Technical Paper 37. pdf 1.4 MB

    Gwegime, J. Y., Mwangoka, M., Said, H.. Mulungu, E., Nowak, K. and N.Doggart, 2013. Two surveys of the plants, birds and forest condition of Pugu and Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserves in 2011 and 2012. TFCG Technical Paper 36. Pp 1 - 137. pdf 2.5 MB.

    Fundi, E. 2012. Community dashboard governance monitoring report. MJUMITA.

    MJUMITA 2012. Community advocacy in the forestry sector:A study of advocacy options for communities to address forest management issues. 662 KB

    MJUMITA and TFCG 2012. Training of trainers manual for the implementation of the community forest governance dashboard. pp 1 - 20. 650 KB

    MJUMITA and TFCG 2012. Kiongozi kwa Watumiaji wa Dodoso la Ufuatiliaji Utawala Bora katika sekta ya misitu. pp 1 - 27. 950 KB

    TFCG and MJUMITA 2012. At current rates of deforestation some national forest reserves will have no forest in them by 2017: is enough being invested in forest management to prevent this? Policy Brief.

    TFCG na MJUMITA 2011. Katika Kutafuta Usimamizi wa Pamoja wa Misitu Tanzania... Muhtasari wa Kisera.

    TFCG and MJUMITA 2011. Forest Justice in Tanzania. Project Leaflet - English.

    TFCG and MJUMITA 2011. Forest Justice in Tanzania. Project Leaflet - Swahili.

    TFCG and MJUMITA 2011. Recommendations for the revised National Forest Policy.

    TFCG 2011. Forest Justice in Tanzania. Arc Journal 26.


    Documents for comment

    Zilihona, I. 2012. Tanzania Forest Fund: Guidelines for preparation of project proposals and procedures for making grants. Draft Reports.


    Project Progress Summaries

    Forest Justice in Tanzania. Progress Summary July to December 2011. 2 MB

    Forest Justice in Tanzania. Progress Summary 2012.